About the report

About the NetClean
Report 2019

NetClean Report 2019

The NetClean Report 2019 is the fifth report in this series. The aim of the report is to ensure greater awareness of and more insight into child sexual abuse crime; to contribute to effective ways of stopping the dissemination of child sexual abuse material; and, ultimately, to reduce sexual abuse of children.

The data in this report is the result of two different enquiries: One with law enforcement, as is always the case in the NetClean reports, and one enquiry designed to understand businesses’ response to the problem of child sexual abuse material in their IT systems. The report also includes a third section where we present an overview of technologies and methods available to businesses to stop child sexual abuse material.

Part one: Law enforcement survey

Part one of this report is based on data collected from police officers across the globe who work on cases pertaining to child sexual abuse crime. The respondents contributed by filling out a survey anonymously. The police officers are all users of Griffeye Analyze; a digital investigation platform used by law enforcement professionals to analyse large volumes of images and videos. Griffeye is NetClean’s sister company.

The enquiry, an online survey, was undertaken between 29 April and 30 August 2019 and administered through Griffeye’s user portal. 450 police officers from 41 countries participated in this year’s survey. 50.4 percent of the respondents are from North America (of which 46.4 percent are from the US), and 40 percent come from Europe.

In this year’s report we look at the following:

  1. Live-streamed child sexual abuse – extent and development.
  2. Location of victims of live-streamed child sexual abuse.
  3. Offenders who consume live-streamed child sexual abuse.
  4. How child sexual abuse material is stored.
  5. Apps and platforms used for distribution of child sexual abuse material.
  6. Emerging technologies – trends, challenges and opportunities.

These areas were selected based on intelligence gathered in previous NetClean Reports, and from conversations with police officers and other stakeholders about what they believe is currently relevant to the issue.

Part two: Business survey

Part two of the report is based on a survey conducted with one hundred businesses with 5,000 employees or more, all operating in the US. The respondents were all IT/IT Security professionals who either operate as the primary decision maker in their company, or share equally in this role with others.

The survey was conducted between 24–27 June 2019. The survey was conducted as an anonymous online web interview. Partnering with Origo Group and Market Probe International utilising a proprietary specialty B2B panel and ITDM was targeted accordingly. With a non-profit recruitment method, C-Suite Executives, Directors, and Managers that have key decision-making authority were sourced.

In the survey, questions were asked about the following:

  1. Whether the business has a corporate policy in place that states that it is prohibited to handle child sexual abuse material within the company’s IT environment or on company devices.
  2. Whether the business has technologies in place to detect or block child sexual abuse material in the business IT environment.
  3. Whether the business has an action plan to deploy if child sexual abuse material is found in the organisation’s IT environment.
  4. Whether child sexual abuse material has ever been found in the business IT environment.

Part three: Mapping of technology

Part three of the report is an overview of technologies and methods available to businesses to stop child sexual abuse material. The texts are a revision and abridgement of the longer articles published on NetClean’s website, which explain technologies and methods in more detail. More information is available here.

Law enforcement survey:
450 respondents from 41 countries

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, the Cayman Islands, Colombia, Cyprus, Denmark, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Paraguay, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, the United States and International organisations (e.g. INTERPOL or EUROPOL).

Geographic distribution of respondents:

USA 46.4 %, United Kingdom 17.3 %, Sweden 5.3 %, Australia 4.0 %, Canada 3.8 %, Others 22.6 %

Interviews in the report

To contextualise the results of the study, we have conducted interviews with a number of distinguished experts in this field, listed here in the order in which they appear in this report:

John F. Clark

President and CEO, National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC)

Cathrine Hagström Hägg

Head of Unit and Detective Inspector, Swedish Cybercrime Center, International Sexual Exploitation of Children, National Operative Department – Sweden

Eric Oldenburg

Law Enforcement Liaison, North America, Griffeye

Jim Cole

Supervisory Special Agent, Homeland Security Investigations, Special Agent in Charge Nashville, TN – USA

Anna Borgström

Chief Executive Officer, NetClean

Pat Gelsinger

Chief Executive Officer, VMware