About The Report

About the Report

NetClean Report 2020

The NetClean Report – COVID-19 Impact 2020 is the sixth report in the NetClean Report series. The aim of these reports is to promote greater awareness of and more insight into child sexual abuse crime; to contribute to effective ways of stopping the dissemination of child sexual abuse material; and, ultimately, to stop the sexual abuse of children. The data in this report is the result of two different enquiries.

LAW ENFORCEMENT SURVEY
– COVID-19 IMPACT ON CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE CRIME

The law enforcement survey in this report looks at the effects on child sexual abuse crime following the COVID-19 pandemic during 2020. The data was collected from police officers across the globe who work on cases pertaining to child sexual abuse crime.

The survey

The enquiry was undertaken between 12 June and 17 October 2020. 470 police officers from 39 countries participated in this year’s survey, by filling out an online survey anonymously. As always, we asked the respondents to comment on the findings, and their thoughts and observations are included in this report.

47 percent of the respondents were from North America and 44 percent came from Europe. The rest were from Oceania (3 %), Asia (3 %), South America (2 %), Africa (0.5 %) and representatives from international organisations such as INTERPOL and Europol (0.5 %).

Respondents were approached through two different methods:

  • NetClean’s sister company Griffeye distributed the survey to users of Griffeye Analyze; a software platform used by law enforcement professionals to analyse large volumes of images and videos in child sexual abuse investigations.
  • The survey was circulated in the law enforcement community with the help of a number of law enforcement agencies.

Represented countries

Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, The Cayman Islands, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, The United Kingdom, The United States, and International organisations (e.g. INTERPOL or Europol).

Breakout of countries

Three countries had large enough samples to allow the data to be considered individually; the United States, Sweden and the United Kingdom. It was also possible to consider the data from Europe individually. Because of these response rates, Sweden and the United Kingdom are represented as separate entities, and not included in the European sample.

  • United States 44 %
  • Sweden 15 %
  • United Kingdom 12 %
  • Europe 17 %

The fact that the United States, Sweden and the United Kingdom deployed different strategies to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic, also makes it pertinent to look at the results separately. Especially Sweden stands out as it had recommendations for social distancing, but never put in place the lockdowns and school closures that many other countries did.

Geographic distribution of respondents:

The enquiry was undertaken between 12 June and 17 October 2020. 470 police officers from 39 countries participated in this year’s survey, by filling out an online survey anonymously. As always, we asked the respondents to comment on the findings, and their thoughts and observations are included in this report. 47 percent of the respondents were from North America and 44 percent came from Europe. The rest were from Oceania (3 %), Asia (3 %), South America (2 %), Africa (0.5 %) and representatives from international organisations such as INTERPOL and Europol (0.5 %).

BUSINESS INSIGHT
– DRIVERS FOR ADDRESSING CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE MATERIAL IN A CORPORATE ENVIRONMENT

Part two of the report provides insight into why companies decide to take a stand and prevent child sexual abuse material in their corporate environment.

Sixteen organisations

Qualitative interviews were conducted with sixteen individuals from sixteen different companies and organisations. All organisations had previously identified the risks associated with child sexual abuse material being consumed, downloaded or distributed within the company network or on company devices. The respondents were selected from five different areas: Sustainability (3), Ethics & Compliance (4), IT Security (3), HR (3) and Legal (3). The interviews were conducted between June–September 2020. All respondents were asked the same questions, and each interview took between 30–60 minutes.

Wide range of industries

The selected businesses and organisations are from a wide range of different industries, of different sizes, and from both the private and public sector. Companies that operate on an international market and on a one-country market were both represented. The majority of the companies have Swedish head quarters.

Insight into drivers

The insights and views collected from the interviews are presented as a merged point of view. The objective was not to present a statistical overview of what the respondents said, but instead give insight into the drivers behind taking action on the issue of child sexual abuse material in a corporate environment. Individuals, organisations and industries have been anonymised in the report.

INTERVIEWS IN THE REPORT

To contextualise the results of the study, we have conducted interviews with a number of distinguished experts in this field, listed here in the order in which they appear in this report:

Anna Borgström

CEO, NetClean

Cathal Delaney

Head of Team, Analysis Project Twins, EC3, Europol

John Shehan

Vice President, Exploited Children Division, National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC), USA

John Pizzuro

NJ ICAC Commander, New Jersey State Police, USA

Patrick Cordner

Head of Swedish Cybercrime Center (SC3), National Operative Department, Sweden

Rob Jones

Director Threat Leadership, National Crime Agency, UK

Simon Bailey

Chief Constable, Norfolk Constabulary, National Police Chiefs’ Council Lead on Child Protection, UK

Uri Sadeh

Adv. MSc. Coordinator of the Crimes against Children Unit, INTERPOL

Elaine Weidman Grunewald

Global Sustainability Executive, and Founder,
AI Sustainability Center